How to Edit Photos in Adobe Photoshop

With regard to the development of technology as a photographer, everything was done correctly. Learned all the basics. Experimented with all kinds of composition tricks and lighting techniques. And most of all, I mastered the camera. But somehow, despite all the efforts, some photos still do not come out the way you want. And for whatever reason, nothing is as amazing as the photos seen by more seasoned photographers.

What exactly are you missing

The answer is very simple. You need to learn how to start the game in the Photoshop department and edit the picture like a pro. Post-processing steps are an integral part of digital photography. In essence, there’s always room for photo editing magic to go to the next level, even if you’ve taken the perfect picture for me.

There are many photo editing tools, but most photographers usually start Adobe Photoshop for basic editing. Powerful and intuitive tools can help you get the best out of your images, so if you are a serious photographer you should learn how to edit your photos with Photoshop.

Remove unnecessary parts sensor

Now that we’ve modified the color of the image, we need to make some selective modifications. If the sensor is dirty, dust particles will appear in the picture, causing small dots to appear continuously in the same area each time you shoot. To avoid this problem, clean the sensor first. Doug McKinlay’s camera sensor cleaning tutorial includes.

However, if you have already taken the photo with a dirty sensor, then you can use Photoshop to view the photo using the following tools (if there are dust particles visible).

  1. Spot Healing Brush Tool
  2. Healing Brush Tool
  3. Patch tool

Replica rubber stamp

You can use the same tool for the defect you want to remove. A slight blemish on the skin of the model, it is called the model’s clothes stains, dirty backgrounds, odd and fine pattern moiré effect that you did not notice during shooting.

1. Use the Spot Healing Brush tool

  • In the toolbox, select the Spot Healing Brush tool.
  • Use the drop down menu in the upper right corner to select the brush size you want.
  • Type: Select Content Aware or Proximity Match.
  • Click the point you want to fix.

2. Use the Healing Brush tool

  • In the Toolbox, select the Healing Brush icon, which is grouped under the Spot Healing Brush tool.
  • Use the drop down menu in the upper right corner to select the brush size you want.
  • Select a sample as the source.
  • Option + click on the clean spot you want to use as a source.
  • Click or drag the cursor along the point you want to modify.

3. Use the patch tool

  • In the toolbox, select the Patch tool (grouped under the Spot Healing Brush tool).
  • Select the source below the taskbar.
  • Use the cursor to make a selection around a spot or blemish.
  • Drag the selection to the clean spot closest in color and shape, and drag it to the spot you want to repair.

4. Use a replica seal

  • Choose the Clone Stamp icon from the toolbox.
  • Resize the brush to the desired size.
  • Alt + click to “duplicate” the clean spot you want to use for blemishes.
  • If necessary, adjust the opacity.
  • Click or drag the cursor around the scratch or smear to “paint” the cursor with the duplicated pixel at the sampling point.

5. Use content aware fill

The latest version of Photoshop now has a content-aware fill option. This feature allows you to remove unwanted objects from your photos.

Here’s a quick summary of how to use content-aware populations.

First draw a selection around the area or object you want to replace. Make the selection as close to the subject as possible, but leave enough room for the Photoshop material. Open the Content Aware Fill workspace (Edit> Content Aware Fill). Resize the sampling area and initial selection using the Sampling Brush tool and the Lasso tool respectively.

Adjust the output settings to improve the output. Create a new layer to finalize the output. Check out this tutorial for more details on how to use the new Content-Aware Fill workspace.

Crop the image to compose the picture

Sometimes even simple crops can make a big difference. Basic Photo Crop is the easiest way to get the most out of your photo composition, among all the photo editing tricks. You can remove unnecessary elements, focus more on the subject, and maximize the dramatic effect.

For example: Portrait of a female model you might say that looking at this picture already looks great. There is no need to do anything else. But with the Crop tool, you can perform a tighter crop on the face of the model to improve its composition, which will further emphasize her features.

How to use the crop tool in Adobe Photoshop

Select the Crop tool from the toolbox. Click on the drop down menu in the upper right corner and select one of the Unlimited, Original Ratio, or Preset options to choose the aspect ratio you want. You can also enter the desired dimensions in the text field next to the menu. Drag the corners or edges of the photo to get the crop you want. Press Enter or click the OK icon to complete the crop.

Portrait of a female model cropped using photoshop. As you can see, cutting most of the background makes the most interesting parts of the photo, the freckles and bright blue eyes of the model stand out more. Cropping is a very simple and consequently insignificant step in the photo editing process. Nevertheless, it changes the world in improving the composition of photography.

If you are not sure how to crop a particular photo, try different crops and find the composition you like best. Also, Photoshop converts most layer types proportionally by default, so you can freely crop and resize your images without worrying about ruining them.

Adjust the color

If you adjust the camera’s white balance correctly, you do not need to correct the color for the resulting photo. Using the wrong white balance can cause color casts, which can greatly affect the vividness, saturation, and contrast of your photos. Let’s say your photo has some blue tint. You can leave it as you wish, but if you want to keep the colors in your photos more accurate, you can use the Photoshop tools to solve the problem.

The simplest tool for this is a color balance that allows you to adjust the color of the shadows, midtones or highlights in the image, or an optional color that allows you to select a specific color in the image and change only that color (e.g. the skin of the model is too yellow or red) If it appears, selective color allows you to adjust the skin without affecting other colors in the photo.

You should always create a photo filter adjustment layer so that you can modify the color of the image while retaining the original filter. First open the selected image in Photoshop. Then click the Adjustment Layer icon in the Layers panel and choose the photo filter you want.

You can also apply photo filters manually by adjusting (Image> Adjustments> Photo Filter). This is because it provides a layer mask that allows you to edit only part of the photo without permanently changing the original filter.

How to use color balance in Adobe Photoshop

Click the image in the menu bar, then click Adjust, then Color Balance. Select the tone you want to change in the image (shadow, midtone, or highlight). Select the Maintain Luminance check box. Check the preview box to see the adjustments in real time. Move the slider to get the color balance you want.

Use selective color

Click Image in the menu bar, then click Adjust, and then click Select Color. Check the preview box to see the adjustments in real time. Choose between relative (more subtle changes) or absolute. Select the color to adjust from the drop down menu. Move the slider to increase or decrease the tone of the selected color. You can also use Vibrance, Hue / Saturation or Channel Mixer (under Adjustments) for color correction.

If that’s not enough, you can also use the color wheel color picker to visualize how the colors in your image will look. This update from Photoshop CC 2019 lets you view and select specific colors, from harmonious groups to complementary and similar colors. Simply select the Color Wheel option from the Color panel flyout menu.

The Dodge and Burn tools, on the other hand, let you add texture or features by emphasizing or darkening certain areas of your photo.

Use the Dodge and Burn tool

Create a new layer and set its mode to Overlay. Check the “Fill with overlay neutral color (50% gray)” box. That way you can apply Dodge and Burn adjustments without manipulating the original image. Select the Dodge tool and set your brush to a smaller, smoother setting. Paint the specific area you want to lighten with the Dodge tool and darken the area with the burning tool. You should use a soft brush setting and use small strokes to avoid overdoing the effect.

Apply filters to sharpen or blur

Even if the image is in perfect focus, it is better to slightly sharpen it to emphasize or soften the details. Portrait of female model with blur effect using photoshop. Or if you don’t have the proper lens to create a more attractive depth of field, Photoshop’s Blur tool can help you achieve this. Here’s a tutorial on how to create depth of field in Photoshop. Most images add more definition to the edges of the subject, so it is better to sharpen them.

The need to sharpen the image depends on where you want to view the photo, whether it is a computer screen or a printed copy. Either way, the rule of thumb for photo editing is to always apply minimal incremental changes. To sharpen your photos, make slight adjustments and evaluations to avoid noise in the image without overusing the image.

How to sharpen an image

Reduce noise in the image (click Filter in the menu bar, click Noise, then choose Noise Reduction). Create a new layer of the same image (select the layer in the menu bar and click Duplicate Layer) or select it in the image (click Select in the menu bar, click Edit in Quick Mask mode, and paint with the Brush tool). To select). Go to Filter, Sharpen and select the Sharpen tool to apply a sharpen filter. Repeat if necessary.

Correct the exposure

Even with the best efforts, there are still cases where you cannot still get the correct image exposure. Fortunately, if you know how to edit a photo, it’s easy to fix it. The photo above is slightly overexposed, leaving the skin color and features of the model. The Adjustment toolbar in Photoshop lets you modify the exposure of your photo for more detail. You can access these tools by clicking on the image in the menu bar and selecting Adjust from the drop down menu.

  • Brightness / contrast
  • level
  • curve
  • exposure
  • Shadow / highlight
  • HDR toning

Portrait of a male model edited with photoshop

If you’ve never used these tools before, brightness / contrast, exposure, and shadow / highlights are very simple. Just move the slider left or right to adjust. But for advanced Photoshop editing, you need to learn how to read a histogram, a chart that shows the tonal range of the photo you are currently editing.

Knowing how to read the histogram, you can make more precise adjustments, especially with HDR toning and curves and levels, which are the preferred exposure adjustment tools for more experienced photographers. Adjusting the level and setting the brightness and contrast of the photo appropriately can not only emphasize specific details of the subject, but also increase the sharpness and depth.

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